Jaknouse at English Wikipedia [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)]
A Geographic Information System (GIS) "integrates hardware, software, and data for capturing, managing, analyzing, and displaying all forms of geographically referenced information. (ESRI)"
There are many applications for GIS, spanning a variety of disciplines. Some examples include:
Resources available in the CCA Libraries collection.